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Science of Medical Gases


U. Wollina, MD, Birgit Heinig, Dipl-Med, and Christine Uhlemann,

Transdermal CO2 Application in Chronic Wounds

Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2004 Jun;3(2):103-6.


Brandi C, Grimaldi L, Nisi G, Brafa A, Campa A, Calabrò M, Campa

The role of carbon dioxide therapy in the treatment of chronic wounds

PubMed. 2010 Mar-Apr;24(2):223-6.


Mitsutoshi Kimura, Hidekiyo Fuji, Norihiro Tanaka, Hirotaka Sato

Effects of Hot Water Baths Containing Carbon Dioxide and 3-Octylphthalide on Work-Related Chronic Shoulder-Neck Muscle Pain

Journal of Physical Therapy Science Vol. 20 (2008) No. 1 P 15-21


Cesare B, Carlo D, Luca G, Elena C, and Elisabetta S.

Carbon dioxide therapy: effects on skin irregularity and its use as a complement to liposuction

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2004 Jul-Aug;28(4):222-5.


Brandi C1, DAniello C, Grimaldi L, Bosi B, Dei I, Lattarulo P, A

Carbon Dioxide Therapy in the Treatment of Localized Adiposities: Clinical Study and Histopathological Correlations

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2001 May-Jun;25(3):170-4.


Georgia S. K. Lee

Carbon Dioxide Therapy in the Treatment of Cellulite: An Audit of Clinical Practice

Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2010 Apr; 34(2): 239–243. Published onlin


Pagourelias ED1, Zorou PG, Tsaligopoulos M, Athyros VG, Karagian

Carbon dioxide balneotherapy and cardiovascular disease

Int J Biometeorol. 2011 Sep;55(5):657-63. Epub 2010 Oct 22.


Hisae Hayashi, MS, Sumio Yamada, Ph.D, Yoshitaka Kumada, MD, Ph.

Immersing Feet in Carbon Dioxide-enriched Water Prevents Expansion and Formation of Ischemic Ulcers after Surgical Revasculariz

Ann Vasc Dis. 2008; 1(2): 111–117. Published online 2008 Oct 24.


Ashkanian M, Gjedde A, Mouridsen K, Vafaee M, Hansen KV, Osterga

Carbogen inhalation increases oxygen transport to hypoperfused brain tissue in patients with occlusive carotid artery disease

Brain Res. 2009 Dec 22;1304:90-5. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2009.0


Toriyama T, Kumada Y, Matsubara T, Murata A, Ogino A, Hayashi H,

Effect of artificial carbon dioxide foot bathing on critical limb ischemia (Fontaine IV) in peripheral arterial disease patient

Int Angiol. 2002 Dec;21(4):367-73.


Kawata R, Nakakimura K, Matsumoto M, Kawai K, Kunihiro M, Sakabe

Cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity during anesthesia in patients with diabetes mellitus and peripheral vascular disease

Anesthesiology. 1998 Oct;89(4):887-93.


Persson M, van der Linden .

The potential use of carbon dioxide as a carrier gas for drug delivery into open wounds

Med Hypotheses. 2009 Feb;72(2):121-4. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2008.0


B. Hartmann, M, Pittler and B. Drews

CO2 Balneotherapy for Arterial Occlusion Diseases: Physiology and Clinical Practice

Third International Carbon Dioxide Conference: CO2 and Health,

Other Medical Gases

Jeff S. Isenberg, Fuminori Hyodo, Ken-Ichiro Matsumoto, Martin J

Thrombospondin-1 limits ischemic tissue survival by inhibiting nitric oxide–mediated vascular smooth muscle relaxation

Blood. 2007 Mar 1;109(5):1945-52. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Other Medical Gases

Flegg JA, McElwain DL, Byrne HM, Turner IW.

A Three Species Model to Simulate Application of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Chronic Wounds

PLoS Comput Biol. 2009 Jul;5(7):e1000451. doi: 10.1371/journal.p